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How does not having proper air security be dangerous for our health? and in what ways to tackle it?


With the rising industrialization, and various human activities the air quality has been deteriorating continually. Air quality does not just affect our surroundings but our physical health as well. The sky is often covered with a white layer caused by air pollution, especially in metro cities. This layer is nothing but smog, which has ill effects and requires air security.
We can get a choice in everything that we consume, but not the air we inhale unless we use air fresheners. Polluted air is a combination of gases emitted by factories, dust, particulate matter, etc. Air pollution is not only a cause of visibility problems and breathing difficulties, but it can also lead to various diseases. It is estimated that millions of people die each year as a result of these diseases. These are explained below:

1. Impacts on Central Nervous System

A number of guidelines have been introduced by the WHO to protect air quality, specifically in relation to the particulate nature of matter. This indicates the dangers it poses to the human body. Children and foetuses are the major targets, as they are at risk of developing permanent brain damage or neurological disorders as adults.

2. Respiratory Problems

Due to the air quality that we breathe, a variety of respiratory problems occur like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung issues, emphysema, etc. These ailments make it difficult for us to breathe, especially in children up to 5 years of age.

It’s been observed that a lot of preterm births, birth defects related to lungs, and pregnant women suffer from such hazards. Children are more prone to diseases like respiratory tract infections as their body is still growing. Bronchitis is common nowadays and is seen as a normal illness, while it can completely damage our lungs. Moreover, the emission of chemical gases, soot, and other pollutants are harming our bodies like nothing.

Timely air sanitization techniques must be adapted to ensure air quality standards. A recent study by scientists reveals that there are microplastic particles in human blood, a curse to humanity. The only possible way that these have entered our body is through breathing.

3. Cardiovascular Diseases

Ischemic heart disease is when there is blood clotting in the heart, causing difficulty for the heart to pump blood in the whole body. Naturally, it can cause cardiac arrest and lead to death. Air pollution causes particulate matter to enter our body and block the artery which can result in cardiovascular diseases.

This can also lead to blockage of blood supply to the brain and that can cause strokes, leading to fatal deaths.

4. Cancer

we’ve to deal with serious illnesses like lung and breast cancer. Industries release gases such as benzene, methylene chloride, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, etc which makes workers more susceptible to diseases like this than any other.

5. Skin & Hair Issues

In this fast-paced life, we’re more exposed to pollution, dust & dirt. We’re not alone in the journey of unexplanatory hair loss and acne. When all these unwanted gases, chemicals & particulate matter settle on our scalp, we’re bound to lead to a condition called “Sensitive Scalp Syndrome”.

We become infected when polluted particles settle on our hair shaft and penetrate our skin through open pores. Resulting in premature greying, hair loss, baldness, etc. In addition, the skin experiences acne, redness, eczema, dullness, premature ageing, and sensitivity.

Having known all the diseases that affect us due to air pollution, let us overview the types of air pollutants affecting us.

  • Black Carbon
  • Black carbon is associated with particulate matter, it’s a part of it. A gas that is released post burning of resources like wood, diesel, coal, etc. People who are exposed to this gas frequently are more likely to get breathing ailments.
  • Sulfur Dioxide
  • Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) is formed by burning fossil fuels, one of the natural causes can be erupting volcanoes. It can have various hazardous impacts like corroding of buildings & paint, breathing problems, attack aquatic life, and more.
  • Particulate Matter
  • The term “particulate matter” (PM) refers to a mixture of liquid and solid airborne particles. Since they are so microscopic, they cannot be seen with the human eye. As a result, there are microplastics in our bloodstream.
  • Ozone
  • We’re all aware of the ozone layer that protects us from the harmful UV rays of the sun. But the ozone present on earth can cause serious damage to human health. Some health effects of being exposed to ozone are lung diseases, coughing, chest pain, and more. Being aware of all the above health hazards & causing substances, we must know some ways for air quality improvement. Some of them are listed below:
    • Use public transport more often.
    • Keep a tab on the weather forecast through mini gadgets and step out accordingly.
    • Choose your daily visiting places wisely (if possible) to lower your commute.
    • Say no to smoking, burning fossil fuels, wood, trash & biomass. Anything that causes air quality sensors to detect disparity.
    • Switch to electric or CNG-operated vehicles, walk, take the subway, local trains, or any alternatives instead of a car.
    • Support all the initiatives taken by the government and make use of advanced technologies in electronics.
    • Stop the use of fossil fuels and the burning of wood/ trash that causes heavy emission of harmful gases and soot.
    • Bring home an air security device to tackle indoor air pollution.

As we tend to spend most of the time indoors in our house, office, car, gym, etc. Indoor air pollution is beatable by the use of new technology in electronics, choose wisely for your healthier tomorrow. Having the latest technologies for purifying air quality at home for timely air sanitization is recommended.

We’ve surely created a better world to live in, but now it’s time to create a better environment to breathe in.

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